Palm oil - Wikipedia

Palm oil is a vegetable oil derived from the pulp of the fruits of the oil palm. Palm kernel oil is extracted from the seeds of the fruits and consists of more than 80% saturated fats (mainly lauric acid is bound). Oil palms are three times as productive as oilseed rape and claim about 1/6 of the soybean yield for the same yield.
Production worldwide and growing areas
With 30 percent market share, palm oil is the world's most widely grown vegetable oil, ahead of soybean oil. World production of palm oil has increased in recent years, sometimes over 15% per year. 57.3 million tonnes of palm oil were produced worldwide in 2014, compared to 60 million tonnes in 2015. For comparison, in 2001 there were still 24.8 million tons.
The main oil palm producing countries are Indonesia and Malaysia, which together account for 85.4% of world production (2014 approximately 57.3 million tonnes of palm oil). Indonesia alone has increased its production threefold since 2002 and overtook market leader Malaysia in the 2006 financial year. The acreage in Malaysia and Indonesia has increased six-fold since 1990. Ascending trend.According to WWF, Indonesia alone plans to expand the plantations to 20 million hectares by 2025 - half of which is to be found on Borneo.
Top 10 countries, palm oil production 2013
This puts Indonesia's world market share at 51.1% and Malaysia at 34.3%. Other producing countries, such as Thailand (3.2%), Colombia (1.9%) and Nigeria (1.6%), play only a marginal role.
The world's largest palm oil trading company is Wilmar International. Other names include the Southeast Asian plantations Sime Darby, IOI Group and Kuala Lumpur Kepong. The main buyers for palm oil are mainly in Europe and Asia. India is the main importer ahead of the European Union, China and Pakistan. Especially in China and India, food use has increased significantly, increasing by 4.5% and 1.2% in 2006/07 alone Million tons. By contrast, industrial use increased by 8.9% or 710,000 tonnes, mainly due to the production of biodiesel.
According to the Agency for Renewable Resources, palm and palm kernel oil produced worldwide in 2010 was about 68% used for food (eg.Margarine, salad and cooking oil), about 27% used for industrial purposes (eg detergents, cosmetics, candles) and 5% for energy production. According to Greenpeace and WWF, palm oil today is in about every second product that can be bought in German supermarkets.
Use as food
Palm oil and palm kernel oil are mostly used in nutrition. Due to its excellent heat and oxidation stability, palm oil is mainly used in Asia and Africa as a cooking oil for cooking, frying and frying. It is also used internationally for bakery, margarine and confectionery. It is suitably good for heating (roasting), as it contains hardly any polyunsaturated fatty acid residues that can be rearranged on heating to the physiologically harmful trans fatty acid residues.

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