BMEL: small canola crop in Germany due to lower area and yields less than average

(BMEL) Federal Agriculture Ministry crop report 2015 presents for rape.

The German rapeseed crop maps the BMEL to 4.99 million tonnes (previous year 6.24 million tonnes) a 20% lower. A land drop by almost 8% and a yield decrease by approximately 13% are responsible. The weakest harvests were made in Saxony-Anhalt (- 26.4%), Baden-Württemberg (- 25.3%), Thuringia (- 24.9%), in North Rhine-Westphalia (- 24.7%), Hesse (- 24.3%) and Bavaria (- 24.2%).  Lightly of Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony with revenue declines are by 7 to 8% each year.

The comparison to the multi-annual average confirmed average income by 2015. The declines in harvest volume are almost identical to that of the declining acreage in the national average!

The rapeseed harvests of in recent years show often strong fluctuations. The record year 2014 delivered yield about 6.2 million tonnes and the weakest year 2011 reached almost 4 million tonnes.

Causes are the weather conditions and impairments that come from pests. It starts with the timely sowing with too dry or too wet soil conditions in August. one year. The phase of running plants can lead to adverse weather by worms or insect food to total losses. Dewinterizing damage and late frosts are the nearest major threats. Losses due to beetles and other insects threaten in Blüh - and pod formation time. A late harvest may lead to early burst on the pods in addition to the changes the acreage of 1.4 to 1.5 million ha are the Flächenerträge in 1. Line for the harvest result of crucial importance. The range in the nationwide average ranges from 29 dt / ha in 2011 to 44.5 dt / ha in the year 2014.

In the States of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate and Brandenburg, the bandwidth of the hectare ranges from among 25 dt / up to 46 dt / ha.

The German rapeseed cultivation focuses on Mecklenburg-Vorpommern with almost 20% of the total harvest. Large crops are also in Bavaria, Brandenburg, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Schleswig Holsten made. Rape is the superior healing fruit in a cereal crop cycle in the construction of market fruit-based regions.

More than 60% of the canola crop is processed into biodiesel. The rest überiedend to canola oil, margarine and specialty products, which are used on paint or varnish in the cosmetics industry.

Sowing for the year 2015/16 should be out first estimated that small.

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