10.
06.15
07:36

Consequences of a significant expansion of the protein production in the EU

Protein of the EU through self generation gap – but with what consequences?

The EU has a million ton protein gap to cover needs in the animal feeding. RD 20 million tonnes of soybean meal and 10 million tonnes of soybeans are imported annually. The goods for the most part comes from South America with emphasis on Argentina and Brazil. However, imports decline for years, because there is an alternative, if not also equivalent product with the rape cultivation. The EU growing ranging from protein-rich pulses for 2.6 million tonnes almost each half of beans and fodder peas consisting of.

For various reasons, the claim is presented again and again to bolster the protein production in the country . In the context of the greening actions, this suggestion receives increased argumenative and financial support after increased growing of protein crops. The consequences for the Brazilian rainforest on the table come in addition to more biodiversity. Also scorned genetic engineering plays an argumentative role. In organic farming, the use of the soya is seen very critically.

The consequences of increased protein production in the EU at the expense of imports are normally not end thinking.

The increased growing of protein crops displaced grain. Cereal yields in Germany put in an average of 7.5 t / ha, in the case of wheat even to 8 t / ha. Peas and field beans yields are 3.5 t / ha for very large fluctuations in individual years up to total failure.

To calculate the ratio on the protein content in wheat 12.5% crude protein are rd. 26% RP in the protein crops opposite. Twice as high wheat yields, the protein balance compensates for almost. While the different Eiweißwertigkeit is not however taken duly into account in the lysine content. Applying the Eiweißwertigkeit benchmark, artificially produced lysine 4 x amount should be produced due to lack of other alternatives.

The extruded wheat yields would on other sites will be replaced. This includes the free soy areas in North and South America could be envisaged. However moving the wheat yields in these regions between 2.5 bi 4 t / ha. To produce the same amount of grain requires at least twice as large area on the replacement locations. Aimed at conservation of the rainforest is turned in the opposite direction.

You extrapolate the thing at EU level, then 16 million ha of peas and beans should be grown without taking into account the Eiweißwertigkeit. 7.5 t / ha in the EU are missing approximately 118 million tonnes of grain. Instead of 35 million tonnes of EU cereals exports 80 million tonnes of cereals to the detriment of other importing countries such as the EU would have to import LDCs. These are about 30% of world trade. The EU would have to meet this import demand, the purchasing power of other countries also? Not to mention the cost!

The principle to use the respective advantages through Division of labor (see Ricardo, comparative cost advantage), is sense in economic, environmental and social terms. Thus the three essential criteria of sustainability.

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