13.
07.15
16:31

Greek agriculture with substantial olive cultivation

Greek Agriculture: much fruit, vegetables and olives - little livestock

Small structured, labour-intensive, low levels of refinement, high subsidy dependence

The 3.5 million ha agricultural area (UAA) Greece represent only 30% of the total area. Forest, mountains, inadequate rainfall and underperforming soils limit agriculture on a few fertile plains in Thessalonien, Macedonia, and Thrace. Ertragsschwaches grassland and cultivation of the olive take each 20% of agricultural land claim. Wheat, sugar beet and vegetables are grown on the 1.4 Mio ha arable land with large shares of irrigation (ca 1 Mio ha).  

723.000 farms economies on average 7.2 ha LF, which is two-thirds owned by. More than 50% of the companies have less than 2 ha. The number of workers is specified with 372.750 fully-AK. Given the high level of unemployment, the number of people is more than twice as large. More than 55% of managers is over 55 years old. One third of the farmers are women.

Products of vegetable origin make up more than 70% of the total Greek production. Only fruit and vegetables have a share of 38% of agricultural production value, olives contribute approximately 10 to 15%.

The livestock is a production value share of about 28% 12% cow's milk and 7% sheep and goat milk production are included. The livestock is calculated on 2.4 million livestock units (1 GV = 1 cow with 500 kg live weight). Of which is about 38% and 17% more on goats sheep. Cattle reach 20%, poultry 14% and pigs get only 2%.  According to the small business equipment, also the livestock with an average 9 GM as desired low. Approximately 30% of the animals are kept in the stock size class of 20 to 50 GV. Some cooperative companies with a share of 0.6% take it to 11% of the livestock farming in Greece.

The production value of Greek Agriculture amounted to €11 billion. Deducting the production effort by rd 7 billion of it, remains a factor income of 4 billion There are also benefits in the order of approximately €2.3 billion. The subsidies make rd.  43% of agricultural income from.   Greece is the second-largest net recipients in the EU after Poland. The payments from Brussels amounted to €3 billion per year for agriculture, approximately €2.5 billion of them as decoupled premiums.  The total net income of Greece are included in the EU budget with €5.4 billion. These payments are independent of the euro membership.

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