CEECs: Decrease of the herds by 30% since 2014

New EU Member States: weak competitiveness of the pig

Be their EU accession in 2004 the Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) have lost A third of their original Schweinebestandes . The pig farming has fallen from 36 million to 24 million animals.  

The largest share accounted for by Poland that is uncompetitive due to his small operation and inventory structures.  An average surface equipment of 8 ha, 12 sows and 85 pigs per holding illustrates the high degree of structural need to catch up.

The stagnation process took place in several waves. A first decline took place in the period from 2006 to 2008 . Major trigger was the low economic efficiency of pigs due to high feed costs in a pressed pork price level.

The second task wave took place in the period 2010 to 2012 instead. Also in this case, high feed prices caused a low profitability of pigs.

In the years 2013/14 were the comparatively low pig prices for a stabilization of the Schweinebestandes.

The latest inventory figures are still not available, but it can be assumed that the persistently low pig prices in the EU due to the Russia import lock will lead strong waste reduction processes too similar as in the past.

Decision makers factor for the decline in welfare conditions of pigs is the halving of the sows stocks in major production areas. However, a part of the restocking requirements was offset by increasing power of piglets per sow and year, and increasing imports of piglets from DK, NL and Germany. Danish pig exports to the CEECs achieve orders of magnitude from 4.5 million units per year.

The pork production in Central and Eastern Europe is therefore not so much fallen. The decline was considerably less % with 12 to 15 as it suggests the development of pig. Higher fattening and slaughter performance have helped caused by keeping feeding and breeding.

Still remain CEEC a net importer, that is supplied to significant parts of the Western neighbouring countries. Rising incomes are on hand to ensure that demand does not decrease at pork.

For 1.5 years, she makes the difficulties the African swine fever in the border regions of the Baltic States and Poland to Russia and Belarus. For the protection of pigs affected areas are cordoned off large areas. The trade comes almost completely to a halt. Importing countries refuse to allow meat from the endangered areas in the country.

-Average pig imports from Denmark to Poland and other CEE countries clear signals for a held the stagnation process are the latest development.

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