09.
04.15
13:36

EU internal market trade in pork with increasing profiling

2014: reinforced EU single market trade in pork

The Russian import lock has resulted in increasingly traded pork within the EU. In the year 2014, approximately 5 million tonnes were traded within the EU's borders pork, about 2% more than in the previous year.

On the export side , the six countries Germany, Spain, Denmark, Belgium contest. Holland and France about 92% of exports. Almost 30% of exports were delivered from Germany alone. Spain and Denmark delivered 15% each. The Benelux countries, Belgium and the Netherlands come on shares of 13 and 12%.

France trade balance is nearly balanced between export and import.   

On the import side is Italy with a share of imports by 20% at the forefront throughout the EU. Since barely larger amount exported, Italy belongs to the net importers.  Germany's pork imports from the neighbouring countries of export are in second place. Germany still a substantial net exporter.  

Denmark is regarded as the largest net exporter with a self-sufficiency rate of 650%. However the Danish pork industry is in a phase of stagnation for years. The Schweinemsat is rather zurückfgefahren in favour of a still-rising sow housing. The resulting piglets are accommodated in the export to Germany and to a growing extent after Poland.

Poland is becoming since joining the EU increasingly from one exporting region a net importing country. The own production is only limited competitive due to the structural conditions.  A similar development can be observed in the smaller Czech Republic. The close proximity to the powerful processing centres in Germany has pushed back the Czech pork production massively.

This observation applies to nearly all Central and Eastern European EU Member States. The high production potential and the requirements for a powerful marketing structure could be expanded limited in these countries in addition to the Western competition. Competitive advantages such as large areas, little environmental protection regulations and cheap labour is not enough in a high-tech pork sector with significant capital investment in the entire production and marketing chain.

The central location of Germany in the EU at the same time has advantages and disadvantages. Exports neighbouring countries in the North and West are looking for the high-income consumer market of in Germany on short routes. Therefore, the high import figures are derived. On the other hand, bordering Germany growing consumption regions in the East. Russia was up to the previous year as a major sales area.

Italian pork production has declined steadily in the last years. The self-sufficiency rate has fallen below 70%. The production is concentrated on the Northern Italian plain with a few expansion options.

The French pork production is operated for more than 50% in Brittany in a marginal position. The supply commutes for years about the 100% self-sufficiency with a slight tendency to bottom.

For the foreseeable future, pressure for further adjustments in the EU internal market is emerging due to continuing political and financial priority problems of the third-country exports to Russia . Exports towards Asia develop mainly relief of amounts of, but on lower value chain level. The pig market price ultimate fresh meat business is and remains closely regionally limited.

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