Pig farming in South America - high growth rates, huge differences

Pig farming in South America is on the rise

The pork production in South America is according to FAO data something over 5.2 million metric tons beef production is three times larger with just under 15 million tonnes.  However, the most important has the poultry meat production with approximately 18.5 million tonnes. Overall the meat in South America by the FAO, estimated at just under 40 million tonnes. For comparison: in the EU almost the same amount of meat produced, but in a different composition: approximately 7.5 million  t to 22.5 million tonnes of pork, beef and 10.3 million tonnes of poultry meat. And consider the huge differences in the surface facilities.

The pork production in South America has increased each year since 2005 to about 26%, or more than 3%. The volume increase has been consumed but largely in their own country due to rising purchasing power. However, significant differences between the various States.

Brazil is share with 3.5 million tons, or two-thirds producing the greatest pork area in South America. More than 60% of the pigs are kept in the South-East of the country. Exports stagnated for 10 years by the 550,000 tons. Only the Russian import lock to raise exports to 700,000 tonnes.

Chile with 550,000 t's second-largest producer, is seven times of smaller t annual generation. The country has an invaluable advantage. It moves from the Andes, from the Pacific Ocean, the Atacama desert in the North and by the snow-covered mountains in the South to an island location. Pests and diseases are so far not occurred. A strict control of the import of breeding animals is provided. The major disadvantage is the margins of the market, when it comes to the export.

With 330,000 tonnes of pork production in the year 2013 the Argentine production has almost doubled since 2005. The original intention to export pork, is undermined by the strong increase in consumption in the country. The Argentine consumer has in 2014, increasing pork consumption by 10 to 13 kg and thereby reduced the consumption of beef from about 65 to 50 kg. Poultry meat is on the rise...

The pork production between 100,000 and 200,000 tonnes per year in different directions moves in other South American countries . While in Bolivia the production to rd.  20% has fallen back since 2005, increases in Ecuador approximately 25% to just under 200,000 tonnes.

In Paraquay , pigmeat production by around 18% has fallen since 2005 at only 125,000. Imports necessary to demand cover originate from neighboring countries.

One almost 90% slump has Venezuela experienced. The country had 2005 an estimated pork production by 125,000 t and comes in 2013, not even at 20,000 tonnes. The huge revenues from the oil sales and its deliberate distribution among the people have contributed, that the power supply has been neglected. Expensive meat imports are financed with oil revenue.

However, Colombia with a 90% increase in its pork supply stands out positively. Meanwhile, the production is about 250,000 t. 

Other small South American countries play a significant role for the market.

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