Report: Russia's import lock

Commission: Russia's import barriers for meat and dairy products from the EU

In the average of years 2011-13 delivered the EU approximately 68,000 t fresh and frozen beef to Russia. This corresponds to just under 30% of the total EU beef exports. The most important supplier with a share of 50% were Germany, Poland and Lithuania.

In the first part of the year 2014 reached the Russian imports of beef from the EU alone over 70,000 t. The reason for the increase over the previous years was partial compensation for the suspended pork imports because of African swine fever since Feb 2014.

The Russian import ban for pork started early Feb. 2014 as a result of African swine fever in Poland and was beg. August. 2014 continued as a part of opposing sanctions in the event of a dispute to the Ukraine.

The average 2011 producing years-13 the EU frozen approximately 800,000 tonnes of pork, bacon, and by-products after Russia. This corresponds to almost 24% of total EU pork exports. The most important supplier with a share of 80% were Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, France, Spain and Poland.

The Russian import ban for poultry meat entered into force beginning August 2014 in connection with the opposing sanctions on the occasion of the dispute over the Ukraine.  

In the average of the years 2011-13 delivered the EU approximately 100,000 tons fresh and frozen poultry meat to Russia. This corresponds to just under 8% of the total EU poultry exports. The most important supplier with a share of 70% were Germany, Netherlands, France and Belgium.

Over the medium term is to determine that the Russian meat imports over the years due to increasing Russian self-sufficiency were already declining.

Russia's import barriers on the milk market

In the average of the EU rd 1, exported years 2011-13 4% of EU milk production to Russia. The value of exports of dairy products to Russia amounted to approximately 2.3 bio in 2013. €, of which cheese with 1 bio. €.

Measured in EU exports of processed milk products , a portion was supplied by about 13% after Russia. Especially participating countries were the Netherlands, France, Germany, Belgium, Poland and Denmark.

In the case of butter Russian exports accounted for about 25% with two-thirds of the deliveries from France and Finland. Quite a few German dairies were already used by Russian veterinary concerns since been excluded.

Cheese exports to Russia amounted to one third of the EU's total exports or 2.6% of total EU production. Cream cheese came mainly from Denmark and Lithuania. 90% of processed cheeses delivered to Finland. Semi hard cheeses exported to 1. Line Holland, less extensively Germany, Poland and Lithuania were involved.

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